Skip to main content

Posts

Showing posts from March, 2020

Featured post

Is true democracy exist around the world?

What is the ventilator

What are these ventilators, we also call them respirators? These are mechanical devices that help a patient breathe when they are unable to do so on their own. If I were to ask you, what do we breathe? We breathe in air. But this air is only 21% oxygen. What this ventilator does, it takes this compressed gas oxygen and mixes it with other gases. These ventilators. They allow you to artificially push in the certain required amount of oxygen into the patient's lungs, and then these patients can breathe. But the question you might be asking is, why do we need ventilators for COVIT19 patients in extreme cases, these patients Suffering from COVID19. They also have interstitial pneumonia, which means this virus, causes inflammation were in these bronchioles. Now, what are these bronchioles? These are basically air passages inside your lungs. inflammation is caused not only in these bronchioles but also in alveoli and what are these alveoli? These are tiny sucks to which the air is deliv…

How can working Plasma Therapy to tackle COVID19

Let us look at the latest on the coronavirus outbreak. A few days ago, a hospital in Houston in the United States of America practice something called Convalescent Plasma Therapy. What does that mean? There was a patient who tested positive for COVID19. But over some time, this patient also recovered. Ultimately what happened plasma from this patient he was extracted, how when this patient A was infected by a virus, which causes this disease COVID19 and when this patient also recovered, which means that this patient has developed antibodies, because of which this virus is not in a position to attack this individual again. Now, if these antibodies are then transferred to another critically ill patient. This may save the life of this patient as well. This is what we call Convalescent Plasma Therapy.
 Where the plasma from one individual is transferred to another individual. But this is something which has not happened for the first time. During the time of the Spanish flu way back in …

Food security felt by lockdown

The biggest impact of the lockdown is being felt by the vulnerable sections, especially unorganized workers, due to their inability to access basic food and basic nutrition. So to support these vulnerable sections, the Government of India recently announced an economic package consisting of a free supply of five kg food grains and one kg pulses, in addition to the five kg food grains that they already receive at a subsidized price.
This provision is not sufficient to meet the food security needs of the country. Because this has been made available only to BPL and APL families who possess a ration card. The government has ignored the fact that many migrant workers and vulnerable sections do not possess the required documents and hence, they would be excluded from the benefits of this key. That this food security package excludes several other essential items such as oil, salt, sugar, and even soap, which is very essential to fight COVID19. And we should also note that these provisions a…

India's medical facilities against COVID-19

First up a few facts if you look at the data, more than 80% of the COVID19 cases, are mild. That means no hospitalization is required. These cases won't lead to the death of individuals. In fact, the mortality rate varies between 3%-2.25% most affected are elderly, and those with weak immune systems. Smokers also are more vulnerable because their respiratory system is under attack. This article focuses on India's health system and asks, Is India's health system equipped to respond to  COVID19 countries such as Italy, the United States they are struggling despite the fact They have the world's best healthcare system. Let's look at the data. In India, we have 70 hospital beds for one lakh people. We have 2.3 ICU beds, again for one lakh people. This number for Italy is 340 hospital beds and 12.5 ICU beds. If you look at Italy and look at what is happening in Italy, the worst crisis anywhere in the world is in Italy right now. This number for China, China 420 hospit…

Entire disaster management machinery has been activated against COVID-19

After declaring COVID-19 as a notified disaster, the Government of India has started to put contingency plans in place, and the entire disaster management machinery has been activated. So this article provides us an opportunity to understand the higher-level institutions in India's disaster management architecture. This flowchart depicts the national level institutions that are a part of India's disaster management framework. See the responsibility for managing disasters lies with the state governments and at the national level. The nodal ministry for dealing with disasters is the Ministry of Home Affairs. But if a disaster of a severe nature occurs, and if the capacity of the state government is overwhelmed, then the central government comes to the aid and assistance of the state governments to provide for this aid and assistance. Several national levels institutions have been set up under the Disaster Management Act of 2005. This includes the National Disaster Management Au…

SAARC Countries actions are taken against COVID-19

What started as a major problem in China spread to multiple countries. It started with China, but it spread on and on with South Korea. Then it spread to Japan. It spread to Italy and it has also created havoc in Iran as well. So when you speak about Iran, there are Greece, which it borders with, or other countries, one in Afghanistan. The other one is Pakistan. They share long borders with Iran. So Iran is infected. So the menace Iran is infected, obviously, there could be some person who would move towards the borders and this could impact Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is where the President of Afghanistan Ghani has come up with one of the initiatives. He says that we need to have a common framework so that the SAARC countries as a whole would be able to fight the menace of this coronavirus. He said that the Shanghai Cooperation organizations help should also be taken up so that they could also deal with this issue. Added to this Ghani also proposed that in case there is a possibl…

SOCIAL DISTANCING & COVID-19

The global spread of Coronavirus and the drastic emergency measures that governments around the world have been taking. Governments in Europe, have closed their borders. They have suspended airlines. They have closed down schools and colleges, and have even banned public gatherings and sporting events. Governments in Latin America are doing the same as well and the United States has already declared a national emergency by invoking the Stafford Act. Then within India, various state governments have decided to close down schools and colleges, shopping malls, movie theaters, etc. The government has made it clear that all mass gatherings including marriages and functions, and even sporting events such as IPL have to be canceled or postponed for the time being So this raises the question, do we really need such drastic measures to contain the spread of Coronavirus. So, yesterday, we spoke about the three stages of transmission during an epidemic or pandemic. It includes imported transmiss…

COVID-19 is pushing the global economy towards a recession

COVID-19 is pushing the global economy towards a recession.  The global economy is said to be in a recession when it contracts for two consecutive quarters. By looking at the current situation in the global markets, we can say that this is very much a possibility. See COVID-19 has caused a lot of uncertainty in the global markets. And nobody is sure as to when the outbreak is going to come to an end, or as to how long the outbreak is going to last. plus upon this, the oil markets are in crisis due to the standoff between Russia and Saudi Arabia, and due to a combination of these factors, we are going to witness a significant impact on global economic growth. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development has already estimated that COVID-19 alone could result in losses of around $2 trillion for the global economy. And it could push several countries into recession and global growth could be way below 2.5%. The reason why COVID-19 is having such a massive impact on the global e…

Additional Tier-1 (AT-1) Bonds

Additional Tier-1 (AT-1) bonds are essentially unsecured and perpetual bonds. They are perpetual bonds because they do not have a maturity date and it is unsecured because it is not backed by any collateral, unlike secured bonds. And if a bank goes through a crisis, then it is not obligated to pay back those who have invested in these bonds. So, there is no doubt that the Additional Tier-1 bonds carry a high risk for the investor, but it also guarantees higher yields or higher returns. Now, the question is who issues these bonds. These AT-1 bonds are issued by commercial banks to increase their capital base as mandated by the Basel-3 norms. See the Base-3 norm regular literary norms are a part of the Basel Accords, which have been worked out by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. The Basel Accords provides for a global regulatory framework for banks. And the Basel-3 norms were established in 2010 after the financial crisis of 2008 2009. See under the Basel Accords, banks are…

What is Vaccine

Let's understand what is a vaccine and what are the different approaches that are used in the development of a vaccine. See, a vaccine is essentially a biological preparation, which provides us with immunity against certain types of infectious diseases that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, etc. A vaccine provides us this immunity by training our immune system to identify the infection and fight the infection. Since this immunity is not naturally present in humans, and since it is acquired through vaccines, this immunity is referred to as active acquired. immunity. Because the vaccine is training our immune system to acquire this immunity. See whenever a foreign pathogen enters our body, generally, the immune system recognizes it as a threat. And this activates the immune system to produce antibodies, which fight against the foreign pathogen. Generally, this is how our immune system protects us against infectious diseases. But there might be a few bacterias and viruses, which m…

Environmental Impact Assessment

First, let us understand what is the environmental impact assessment. See, environment impact assessment is basically a management tool, which will help us estimate the potential damage that a large scale development project can do to the environment. It basically helps us to understand the environmental impact of the development project and it also provides for mitigation measures and strategies. So, environment impact assessment is a tool that helps us in promoting the principle of sustainable development and it helps us in balancing the opposing objectives of promoting economic growth and promoting environmental conservation. This exercise will help us in assessing the impact of the environmental issues of a project and it also suggests the mitigation measures. So this concept was introduced in India in 1978. For River Valley projects,  later in 1994. The first environmental Impact Assessment notification was issued by the Government of India under the provisions of the Environme…

Threats faced by Whale Shark

Shark that had washed up on Odisha coastline has reportedly died due to ill health. So let's talk about the range habitat and the threats faced by Whale Shark. The Whale Shark is considered to be one of the largest species of fish and it is the largest living non-mammalian vertebrate. Then, if you look at its range and habitat, it is found around the world in the tropical waters and then warm seas and oceans. Generally, Whale Sharks are found in waters that record a temperature of at least 21 degrees Celsius. So they preferred warm tropical waters, and they are found in the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and as well as in the Indian Ocean, and the most preferred habitat of Whale Sharks are open waters in the tropical areas. In some cases, they might even be found along the coastline, but they are never found in the deeper parts of the oceans, and the IUCN has listed the Whale Shark as endangered on its red list. The most unique feature about a Whale Shark has to be its feedin…

D-Voters in Assam

The government of Assam has said that there are more than 1.13 lakh doubtful voters in the state.  This term refers to a category of voters who have been disenfranchised by the government due to their lack of proper citizenship credentials. Basically, individuals who cannot provide proper proof of their citizenship or those who cannot prove that they are genuine Indian citizens. They have been listed as D voters, and they have been subsequently disenfranchised by the government. So this means that they cannot contest elections, and they cannot vote in elections. You can find this category of voters in the electoral rolls that have been prepared by the Election Commission of India For the state of Assam. See, we all know that Assam has witnessed a huge influx of illegal migration from Bangladesh, both before 1971 and as well as after 1971. But non-Indians cannot be allowed to contest in elections, and they cannot be allowed to vote in elections, according to the Constitution of India,…

Water looming in Himalayan Regions

The water crisis is looming in the Himalayan region. When you look into the context, there was the latest edition of the journal water policy, which has come up with certain updates, where they have conducted a certain survey in eight towns in the Himalayan region of Bangladesh, Nepal, India, and Pakistan, they came to a conclusion that this particular region shortly will have a lot of water issues and currently there is 20 to 70% of deficiency in the water supply. What are the reasons for water deficiency? When you look into this particular survey, it speaks about two important factors. One is the unplanned urbanization, and it also speaks about climate change as the key factor. For deficiency in water, what is unplanned urbanization in the present scenario, what we see in the  Himalayan belts, there is massive deforestation that is taking place. So, this deforestation has it may actually lead to the degradation of the forest and this is leading to the construction of dams and hydro…

Eurasian Otters and Fishing Cat

It is also called by the name, Eurasian  Otter, Eurasian river otter, as well as the common otter. This is nothing but a semi-aquatic mammal, which is native to Eurasia. So this means they are spread across European countries as well as South Asian countries. In India, the species is distributed in the Himalayan foothills, Southern Western Ghats, and also in the central Indian landscape. The Eurasian Otter primarily feeds on the fishes. So its basic diet involves feeding on the fishes, the IUCN status of this speech is near threatened. so kindly remember, this could be a very important factor. The IUCN status of the Eurasian river otter is near threatened, and when it comes to protection, they are protected under the Wildlife Protection Act of the year 1972.  India is home to three of the 13 species of otters found worldwide. What are those? One is the Eurasian the smooth-coated otter and the small clot otter otters are also found across the world except in Australia, New Zealand, Mad…

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

Convention on the conservation of migratory species. the importance of this particular convention. When you look at this particular convention, as the very name denotes, it is a convention on the conservation of the migratory species. So, what are these migratory species, they are those animals that move from one habitat to another. So, the migratory species basically means, it can be an animal, it can be an aquatic mammal or it can be a bird as well. So, when there is an animal, which moves from one habitat or one region to another, conserving these migratory species is what this convention all about. When you look at the animals, they do not know about the political boundaries. The political boundaries are made by humans that is we have created these political boundaries in the name of countries but animals do not know about it. They move from one place to another, they move from one country to another one animal which is protected in one place might not be protected in another pla…

Indo-Shri Lankan Fisheries Conflict

When you look at these two countries they are connected culturally mythologically, and historically, culturally in terms of language Tamil is one which is connecting us. Then there is the importance of religion in the form of Buddhism and my mythologically in the form of Ramayana, which happens to be one of the greatest stories that India has told them for it with time, both these countries also got independence. They were under the control of the colonial masters and both these countries got independence in the late 1940s. What we then realize is, there wasn't an issue between India and Sri Lanka, especially that concerning fishing both the communities the Indian fishing community and the Sri Lankan fishing community had no issues when it comes to fishing rights. But after the 1970s there were certain agreements that India and Sri Lanka entered into in the year 1974. And in the year 1976, India and Sri Lanka entered into some maritime agreement. So what this led to was the estab…

Colistin's industrialization and Health impact

Colistin resistant bacteria. What is it colistin, colistin is nothing but an antibiotic. So what is an antibiotic? This is a drug or a medicine that is used to fight the menace of bacterial infections. What happens under this basically all the bacterial infections are prevented from growing so the growth of the bacteria is stopped with the injection of this particular drug. So, this colistin thing is usually one of the last resort weapons that are used against bacterial infections for human diseases. But what we also realize is that this drug has been misused and overused how this is also administered to animals. It is also employed in the poultry industry as well. Why is that it is employed in the poultry industry. That is because let's take the example of the broiler chicken Currently, they have less weight. So the minute these drugs are given to these parties that is for the broiler chickens, they immediately gain weight and they also become fattened, and they also gain weight…

Popular posts from this blog

How lockdown having a disproportionate impact on women

A disaster or catastrophic ends to have a disproportionate impact on women. According to the writer, this is because of the traditional gender-based role of women in society. For example, during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, it was observed that the disaster had a disproportionate impact on women, mainly because of their gender-defined roles. Since women are generally seen as the traditional caregiver in the family, they lacked the required life-saving skills, and as a result, a relatively higher number of deaths count was registered amongst women during the tsunami. Then after the disaster, women who were rendered homeless were accommodated in relief camps. And it was observed that at these relief camps, women had to face abuse and molestation, and they even had to face hygiene and sanitation issues at these relief camps. similar challenges have been faced by women in the United States as well, which is frequently hit by tornadoes. similar challenges were noted during the 2018 19 f…

Are humans responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic

Humans responsible for the pandemic According to the UNDP. The spread of a zoonotic disease such as COVID-19 can be directly attributed to the overexploitation of biodiversity and ecosystems by human beings. The UNDP has said that several zoonotic diseases have affected human beings because of increased contact of humans with animals. Especially wild animals. So these diseases with a jump from animals to human beings are referred to as zoonotic diseases or zoonosis. And it is a direct outcome of the overexploitation of biodiversity and ecosystems through human activities. The UNDP report even says that it is not just COVID-19 but even tuberculosis, rabies, malaria, toxoplasmosis h1 none SARS, burst, Ebola Zika, etc. They are all examples of zoonosis that have jumped from animals to human beings. And in each case, the source can be attributed to the destruction of the environment and biodiversity through human activities
It is found that the coronavirus outbreak certainly comes from t…

Researchers found new symptoms of COVID19

Many COVID-19 cases have emerged from Europe and the United States, where many patients have reported a complete inability to smell or even to taste. So, this has given rise to questions, whether the SARS coronavirus is affecting our neurons that are responsible for smell and taste, or is it affecting other cells, which are involved in this olfactory function. A recent study conducted in India has shown that it is not the neurons that are being affected by the virus, but instead, it is a set of cells present in the upper regions of our nasal cavity that are being affected by the double Coronavirus. These cells include the sub Technicolor cells and the horizontal basal cells. But importantly, these cells are not directly involved in helping us smell. It means that these cells are not directly involved in the olfactory function. But these cells help us nourish and support the other cells, which are actually involved in the olfactory function. So this means that the novel Coronavirus is…