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Colistin's industrialization and Health impact

Colistin resistant bacteria. What is it colistin, colistin is nothing but an antibiotic. So what is an antibiotic? This is a drug or a medicine that is used to fight the menace of bacterial infections. What happens under this basically all the bacterial infections are prevented from growing so the growth of the bacteria is stopped with the injection of this particular drug. So, this colistin thing is usually one of the last resort weapons that are used against bacterial infections for human diseases. But what we also realize is that this drug has been misused and overused how this is also administered to animals. It is also employed in the poultry industry as well. Why is that it is employed in the poultry industry. That is because let's take the example of the broiler chicken Currently, they have less weight. So the minute these drugs are given to these parties that is for the broiler chickens, they immediately gain weight and they also become fattened, and they also gain weight. So, the minute there is raid to these chickens, what it ultimately means is that there is more selling of these chickens. So these are administered to the chickens basically, to increase the rate. Further, this colistin is also administered to animals to prevent diseases in healthy animals. So because of this overuse in the animals, and also in the poultry sector, what we realize this bacteria which was once getting killed, is no more resistant to this particular drug. And as a result, there are drug-resistant bacteria and also remember when it is being administered to poultry, the poultry litter is also used as a fertilizer in the agricultural sector. So the fruits and the vegetables that are grown from the This fertilizer also has certain drug-resistant bacteria is well, and as a result, with time, what we will see is that this particular medicine, the colistin, which is used as one of those important antibiotics will not be helpful for the human beings. So the World Health Organization, in its particular tool, called as aware, has placed this colistin as a drug in the reserve list. So, what this means is that this colistin as a drug can only be used as a last resort when all other antibiotics have failed. But what we are seeing is that this has been misused, abused, and overused and ultimately leading to the demise of many people. So, when it is being administered to the people when this antibiotic has become a very anti-drug, asst, what we will see is increasing the number of deaths and not being useful for the general people. So what this means is that this medicine can be used as a Last Resort only when all the antibiotics have failed. So, this reserve list that is given by the World Health Organization means that this has to be used minimally, but what we have seen is the overuse and abuse of this particular colistin in the poultry industry. So, what is the impact that we will see, the bacteria will be able to survive, and we will not be able to give this medicine because the bacteria have become resistant to this colistin. And as a result, we will not be able to treat some of the diseases like pneumonia, tuberculosis, and exposing our own populations to more sickness. And as a result, what we need is certain measures that we have to take care of. So, the colistin is not administered to the poultry industry. So, what is the way forward apart from the last of the government have come up with what we also need to say is that create an awareness to the general public. So, the people who are administering these drugs are To the poultry sector should be given awareness about the harmful impact of it. This means there is a requirement of the social change which has to be initiated by the people themselves with the support of the political masters as well as the other NGOs. So, when all these multiple stakeholders come up together, pitching, what we will see is a greater level of awareness, which is important at the present scenario, the government further will have to come up with laws, we will have to come up with regulations so that only when there is a prescription given by the doctor, which is given to the chemist only then is when the chemist will have to give this colistin as medicine to such and such person, any lack of regulation will also harm.


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