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D-Voters in Assam

The government of Assam has said that there are more than 1.13 lakh doubtful voters in the state.  This term refers to a category of voters who have been disenfranchised by the government due to their lack of proper citizenship credentials. Basically, individuals who cannot provide proper proof of their citizenship or those who cannot prove that they are genuine Indian citizens. They have been listed as D voters, and they have been subsequently disenfranchised by the government. So this means that they cannot contest elections, and they cannot vote in elections. You can find this category of voters in the electoral rolls that have been prepared by the Election Commission of India For the state of Assam. See, we all know that Assam has witnessed a huge influx of illegal migration from Bangladesh, both before 1971 and as well as after 1971. But non-Indians cannot be allowed to contest in elections, and they cannot be allowed to vote in elections, according to the Constitution of India, and as well as according to the representation of people's actions. So, to implement these provisions, and to filter out the non-Indians from the voters' list, the Election Commission of India carried out or door to door exercise in the state of Assam in 1997. In this verification exercise, those who are not able to provide proper proof of their citizenship. Their names in the electoral rolls were marked with the D by the Election Commission, indicating that they were doubtful voters are dubious voters and the cases of such doubtful voters want to be handled by the special tribunals that have been provided under the foreigners' act. So accordingly, foreigner tribunals have been set up in Assam through the foreigner tribunals order of 1964. According to the government of Assam, around 4.32 lakhs such cases have been registered in the state and through the verification exercise. Around 1.26 lakh people have been declared as foreigners out of those who have been identified as foreigners. Some of them have been deported back to Bangladesh, and some of them have been detained in the detention centers based on the orders of the foreigner tribunals. Then out of the remaining around 1.18 lakh people have been identified as Indians and the rest 1.13 lakh have been still listed as D voters, and their cases are being handled by the foreigner tribunals. Next,  India Bangladesh border See India shares of 4156-kilometer border with Bangladesh. And this happens to be India's longest international land border. And out of this, or some alone shares a 262-kilometer border with Bangladesh. The task of border management along the India Bangladesh border is a very complex and difficult exercise for the Indian government due to the porous nature of the border, and due to the difficult terrain that is present in this region. There are multiple rivers and thick forests that cut across the India Bangladesh border. And this makes the task of guarding the border very difficult for the BSF, which is the designated border guarding force for the India Bangladesh border. So due to the porous nature of this border, many illegal activities take place, which includes organized crime, trafficking of drugs Human beings, weapons, wildlife products, etc. Even smuggling especially cattle smuggling is very rampant along the India Bangladesh border. Then we have illegal migration, the infiltration of terrorists, and as well as the pumping you know fake Indian currency notes. So to deal with these illegal activities, and to effectively manage the border, the BSF has taken up the fencing of this border, and nearly 97% of this exercise has been completed. Apart from setting up a physical barrier in the form of border fencing, modern technology is also being used to boost border management. In this regard, the BSF is making use of drones and CCTV cameras to effectively monitor the border areas. It also makes use of satellite imagery, thermal sensors, and laser-based sensors to track the movement of people in the region.

A term no man's land, sea, or no man's land, according to international law, refers to a distance of 150 meters on both sides of the border that is on both sides of the actual boundary line. This region is referred to as the no man's land under international law, and it technically doesn't belong to either of the countries. So both the countries along the border, they are not supposed to build any permanent infrastructure in the no man's area. under international law, such a provision for no man's land has been provided primarily to avoid disputes between neighboring countries.

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