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Eurasian Otters and Fishing Cat

It is also called by the name, Eurasian  Otter, Eurasian river otter, as well as the common otter. This is nothing but a semi-aquatic mammal, which is native to Eurasia. So this means they are spread across European countries as well as South Asian countries. In India, the species is distributed in the Himalayan foothills, Southern Western Ghats, and also in the central Indian landscape. The Eurasian Otter primarily feeds on the fishes. So its basic diet involves feeding on the fishes, the IUCN status of this speech is near threatened. so kindly remember, this could be a very important factor. The IUCN status of the Eurasian river otter is near threatened, and when it comes to protection, they are protected under the Wildlife Protection Act of the year 1972.  India is home to three of the 13 species of otters found worldwide. What are those? One is the Eurasian the smooth-coated otter and the small clot otter otters are also found across the world except in Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar, and other oceanic islands as well... What are the threats faced by this mammal, this mammal is pushed for its skin? Hence they are killed for the skin and certain communities also feed on their meat. So the basic threats include poaching for the skins as well as for their meat. What is the significance of the species? What does it signify when there's the presence of this European otter, they play a very important role in the forest ecosystem, when there is thriving population increasing the population of this Eurasian otter, it signifies that there is a healthy ecosystem prevalent in that part of the country. What it also signifies is that because they feed on the fishes because they stay close to the water, it also means that particular water in that region is also pollution-free. So it denotes two important things. One is a healthy ecosystem and also the pollution-free water in that region.

Now let us discuss the fishing cat as the very name denote, it is a medium-sized cat and because it feeds on the fishes, it is called us fishing. Catch, so Fishing Cat hunt in the water. It has some specialized features because it hunts these fishes in the water. They have partially feed and water-resistant for that helps them to thrive in the wetlands. It is listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red List. When you look into the website of the IUCN Red List which says it is vulnerable. The other it says is endangered. which is mentioning endangered as well as vulnerable.so kindly note, this is also placed under scheduled one of the wildlife Protection Act of 1972. So this means that this will be protected as much as how the tiger is protected in India. The fishing cat is also the state animal of West Bengal. What is their habitat? wetlands are the favorite habitat of these fishing cats. In India. Fishing cats are mainly found in mangrove forests of the Sunderbans on the foothills of the Himalayas, along the Ganga and Brahmaputra River valleys and in the western Ghat, these fishing kits are nocturnal. And apart from fishes, they also feed upon the frogs, snakes, as well as birds. What are the threats to these species, as we initially discussed, their major habitat is to the wetlands so they thrive in these wetland areas? But when there is the destruction of these wetlands, which is their preferred habitat, this will also decline the population. So these species most of the time live in the wetlands. When there is the destruction of these wetlands, our numbers start declining as well. As these wetlands are distributed, this also gives rise to the human settlement, once there is the human settlement, there is increasing the agricultural activity. And once there is increasing the agricultural activity, this will lead to cutting of wood and ultimately this will also result in pollution, which leads to a decline in Indian numbers which will, these species are also poached for their skin, and they are also killed for the meat as well. Another threat to the fishing cat is the depletion of its main prey fish as a result of unsustainable fishing practices with more and more people fishing in this particular area, and with fish catch reducing over time. This can also lead to a decline in the numbers of this fishing cat.

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