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India's medical facilities against COVID-19


COVID19
 First up a few facts if you look at the data, more than 80% of the COVID19 cases, are mild. That means no hospitalization is required. These cases won't lead to the death of individuals. In fact, the mortality rate varies between 3%-2.25% most affected are elderly, and those with weak immune systems. Smokers also are more vulnerable because their respiratory system is under attack. This article focuses on India's health system and asks, Is India's health system equipped to respond to  COVID19 countries such as Italy, the United States they are struggling despite the fact They have the world's best healthcare system. Let's look at the data. In India, we have 70 hospital beds for one lakh people. We have 2.3 ICU beds, again for one lakh people. This number for Italy is 340 hospital beds and 12.5 ICU beds. If you look at Italy and look at what is happening in Italy, the worst crisis anywhere in the world is in Italy right now. This number for China, China 420 hospital beds for every one lakh population, and 3.6 ICU beds for every one lakh population. So what is it that we need? We need more hospital beds. We need more ICU beds. On top of that, we need more masks. We need more ventilators as well. If you're reading news Papers, you would have read that Kerala and Maharashtra have reported more positive cases. Why is it because more people have been affected in these two states Ir is it because more people have been tested in these two states? So what is it that we need right now we need more testing as well let's say, for example, Maharashtra, Maharashtra will be more effective, but within Maharashtra, a there will be an area which will be more effective than the rest of the state, can this area be self equipped to handle the crisis? No, which means the rest of the state will have to come to its rescue, not only the rest of the stat but the other states as well. That means to respond to this COVID19 crisis. We need cooperation from all the states in India, in terms of more nurses, in terms of more doctors, in terms of equipment, etc, in China and Italy, hospitals were rapidly constructed to accommodate infected people. But we can't do that in India. A few days ago construction company L&T announced that we can also do it we can also rapidly construct hospitals. But even that will take three to four months. So what's the alternative to rapidly constructing hospitals? The alternative trains. Trains can be converted into hospitals and these trains can easily move from one place to another and university dormitories, they can also be converted into treatment centers. More coordination is required with the private health care sector. But what about our health care workers, these health care workers, they go into the communities, they trace the people with symptoms and then treat them what is the success formula of countries such as South Korea, countries such as Singapore, what is the success formula? How have these two countries been in a position to tackle the COVID19 outbreak? It's the ability of their health care workers, the ability to locate the ability to test the ability to treat these infected people. India, on the other hand,d faces an acute shortage of qualified healthcare workers in India. Let's look at the data. We have 3.4 qualified doctors for every 10,000 people in India. At the same time, we have 3.2 nurses or midwives but 10,000 population. What about China and Italy? China has 18 doctors but 10,000 population. Italy has 41 doctors but 10,000 population China Has 23 nurses or midwives per 10,000 population, it only has 59 nurses and midwives per 10,000 population. So, what we need we need more healthcare workers. On top of that, there is another problem. Even these health care workers that we have, they are concentrated in urban India not only concentrated in urban India, but there is also regional variation as well or regional imbalances as well. For example, Kerala and Bihar in Kerala, we have 3.2 doctors per 10,000 population and this figure is on 0.3 in Bihar. So, our response will be poor in rural India, our response will be poor in areas where health care workers are less. On top of that, we need to ensure the safety of these health care workers as well. One reason for that is we are already facing a shortage of doctors and nurses. That is what You need to understand from this article.

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