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The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals


Convention on the conservation of migratory species. the importance of this particular convention. When you look at this particular convention, as the very name denotes, it is a convention on the conservation of the migratory species. So, what are these migratory species, they are those animals that move from one habitat to another. So, the migratory species basically means, it can be an animal, it can be an aquatic mammal or it can be a bird as well. So, when there is an animal, which moves from one habitat or one region to another, conserving these migratory species is what this convention all about. When you look at the animals, they do not know about the political boundaries. The political boundaries are made by humans that is we have created these political boundaries in the name of countries but animals do not know about it. They move from one place to another, they move from one country to another one animal which is protected in one place might not be protected in another place. So what we need is intergovernmental coordination to protect these species. So one such convention, which helps in conserving of these animals, which move from one place to another is the Convention on migratory species, which includes animals, which includes birds, as well as avian migratory species. so kindly Remember, this is an intergovernmental treaty, which was concluded under the ages of the United Nations environmental program, it is also called by a name called us Bonn Convention. Why? Because this treaty was signed in Germany in Bonn, that is why it is also called us Bonn convention. What does this convention do?
Let's say there is an animal that passes through two to three countries. So this animal passes through about two to three countries. So these countries become the range for that country. So all the countries where that animal passes becomes the range. So, all those countries are brought on a common platform, they would be requested to have certain coordination and they will also be requested to lay certain rules so that there is coordination between these countries. So, the range of the animal between two to three countries is identified and they are asked to coordinate amongst themselves such that there is the conservation of this particular species. The CMS or the Convention on migratory species also speaks to the other stakeholders as well. This can include the NGOs who are working for the cause of conservation. It can also include other organizations, and it may also include the corporate sector who believe that conservation is a must. So it also cooperates and also coordinates apart from the state with all these important organizations is when the Conference of the Parties is also the decision making organ of this convention. So, kindly remember these key facts, when it comes to India.

India has been a part of the Convention on migratory species since the year 1983. India is a temporary home to many migratory species of animals as well as but the important among these Earth mood Falcons bareheaded geese, blackleg cranes, Marine turtles, do gongs, humpback whales, etc. India also has the following flyways What are these flyways are the roots that the birds take from the start to the end, which basically means just like how we move from one place to another, we move from the start to the destination. Some birds also follow a highway in the sky. So this highway or the route from the start to the destination is what is called as flyway or this is the flight path that has been used by the birds in India. The two flyways that are the Central Asian flyways and the East Asian Australian flyway. so kindly remember, India is completely accommodated within the Central Asian flyway and there are very small and minute pockets that pass that is concerning East Asian  Australian flyway.what is the appendix that is present one is concerning appendix one. The second is concerning an appendix to this appendix one includes all those migratory species that are threatened with extinction, they might become extinct in case precautionary measures are not taken. So those migratory species that are threatened with extinction are listed in this appendix. One of this convention, what this means is when there are a migratory species, which is threatened with extinction, it might be an aquatic species or it can be a bird or an animal. When such is put under the appendix one of the conventions, all those countries who are part of this convention, immediately start taking precautionary measures, they protect these animals, they conserve these animals, they restore the original habitat, and they also come up with all the measures that need to be taken to protect these animals. So concerted action will be taken by those countries within this particular range. So their population does not deplete or does not decline and there is an increased concerning their population, then there is appendix two what is this appendix two. So if there is a particular animal that needs to be safeguarded, which will require international cooperation, not the owners of one single country, but cooperation amongst the range of countries such as will be put up under the appendix two in appendix one, they are extremely under the face of extinction. But in appendix two, when there is coordination that is required for the benefit of that particular species and if it requires the cooperation of multiple countries such will be put under appendix two also remember, there are two types of norms or rules. One is what is called an agreement. The other is what is called our memorandum of understanding what is an agreement, let's say there are two or three countries which enter into a legal obligation. So, when there is a legal obligation that binds one country to another country for controlling the species such as called an argument. So, there is legal backing and there are a legal binding and an obligation. But a memorandum of understanding is a less formal instrument. There is no legal binding as such, but countries have a word with each other for intercountry quality. nation. So an agreement is more about a legal obligation, there are binding, but a memorandum of understanding is a less formal instrument for coordination to the present context.

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