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What is the ventilator


What are these ventilators, we also call them respirators? These are mechanical devices that help a patient breathe when they are unable to do so on their own. If I were to ask you, what do we breathe? We breathe in air. But this air is only 21% oxygen. What this ventilator does, it takes this compressed gas oxygen and mixes it with other gases. These ventilators. They allow you to artificially push in the certain required amount of oxygen into the patient's lungs, and then these patients can breathe. But the question you might be asking is, why do we need ventilators for COVIT19 patients in extreme cases, these patients Suffering from COVID19. They also have interstitial pneumonia, which means this virus, causes inflammation were in these bronchioles. Now, what are these bronchioles? These are basically air passages inside your lungs. inflammation is caused not only in these bronchioles but also in alveoli and what are these alveoli? These are tiny sucks to which the air is delivered. So when there is inflammation in alveoli as well as bronchioles, it basically means air cannot get in or get out of the lungs, which means the patients will have to work harder to breathe. This is where the ventilator is used. So what this ventilator does, mechanically it pushes the compressed gas, oxygen, and other gases into the lungs so that the patient is in a position to breathe in and breathe out.

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