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Is true democracy exist around the world?

Impact of fake news and it's regulations

 
US President Donald Trump is no stranger to fake news, and he is no stranger to be politically and diplomatically incorrect. President Trump has constantly alleged that mainstream media outlets such as the New York Times, Washington Post, etc have always peddled fake news against him, and his administration. Critics of Donald Trump have pointed out that the President, always pedals fake news and misinformation to his social media accounts. And they even allege that his entire presidential campaign of 2016 was built on fake news misinformation and propaganda. Recently, an interesting fight took place between President Trump and a popular social media platform, Twitter. A couple of days ago, Twitter had flagged to tweet to President Trump to be factually inaccurate posts. Basically, this was a part of Twitter's initiative to tackle the circulation of fake news on its social media platform. In response to this, the US president threatened to retaliate against Twitter and against all other social media platforms. by bringing in a policy to strongly regulate, or to close down these social media platforms. President Trump has had a long history of conflict with social media platforms, or the topic of fake news, especially with platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. Even though Trump himself has benefited by exploiting the social media platforms to extend his reach and popularity by posting controversial statements on these platforms. He still alleges that these social media platforms are biased against him, and against his administration. This ironic incident brings up the topic of fake news, its impact, and the need to regulate social media platforms, which have emerged as the popular medium to circulate fake news and misinformation. Even social media platforms emerged, more than a decade ago, they were seen as a revolutionary technology, because they were decentralized and deregulated. They were not controlled by any single government or by any single entity, and hence they were seen to be truly democratic in nature, which could provide a voice to the people at the crossroads. This transformative potential of social media platforms has been witnessed on numerous grassroots as well. But at the same time, these various social media platforms have been misused by various entities to spread fake news misinformation and propaganda, which has managed to have a really good impact. There are numerous instances where social media platforms have indirectly enabled genocides rigging of elections overthrowing of democratically elected governments to the spread of fake news of their platforms. Basically, these fake social media platforms are a double-edged sword. The best way to understand this is by looking at the example of added spread, which was a wave of the popular uprising against autocratic and dictatorial governments that spread across Africa and the Middle East, beginning from 2011. See what the Arab Spring began in Tunisia. It was a genuine organic movement, which was initiated by the citizens of Tunisia against an autocratic ruler. The protesters made use of the democratic and decentralized nature of social media platforms to organize themselves, and they successfully managed to overthrow the dictator. So this is one instance where social media platforms, totally give a voice to people at the grassroots level. But as the Arab Spring spread like wildfire across Africa and the Middle East. The very same social media platforms were misused by various western interests to fulfill their selfish goals. We have seen in Egypt, Libya, and Syria as to how global and regional powers and even radical outfits have waged a proxy war by misusing social media platforms. To achieve their respective geopolitical goals. So considering this potential of social media to be missed a global campaign has been going on over the years to fight against the menace of fake news, social media platforms have taken it upon themselves to enforce self-regulation to tackle fake news. But the problem with self-regulation is that there would be a lack of uniformity and there would be subjectivity in decision making. With a post or a video or a social media platform is factually inaccurate. The true basic fact-checking the social media platform itself can take down the post or flag the post in an objective manner. But when you're dealing with conflicting political views and religious views, there is always an element of subjectivity. Because when you're reviewing such polls, what is right according to me, may not be right according to you. This element of subjectivity results in a lack of uniformity in decision making by enforcing self-regulation by social media platforms. So this drawback of self-regulation creates a need for regulating content on social media platforms, through government regulation. But the problem with government regulation is that governments can misuse these regulations to violate the privacy of individuals, and also to freedom of expression and dissent. So social media platforms, which are very of such government overreach. They're always pushed back against government-enforced regulation. But social media platforms, especially big tech companies, they need to acknowledge that their platforms and the products have been misused. And legitimate concerns are surrounding them, which need to be tackled to government regulation that strikes a balance between fundamental rights and maintenance of security law and order. See the term big tech is collectively used to refer to technology companies that have a global reach. This includes Google, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft, Apple, etc. The platforms at the products of these companies have raised concerns about privacy data to misuse political bias exploitation of Monopoly status tax avoidance national security etc. A classic example of this would be the Cambridge Analytical Scandal involving Facebook. In that incident data of Facebook users had been compromised by Cambridge Analytical and it had been misused to shape the political opinion voting patterns and voting behavior of targeted users. So if these genuine concerns have to be addressed. Then, there has to be some sort of regulation. But the question is to what extent, should the regulation, extend. And what should be the checks and balances that should be put in place to prevent the misuse of these regulations by the government itself? President Trump is likely to sign an executive order, which seeks to regulate social media platforms and make them accountable and responsible for the content that is hosted on their platforms. But the problem with such excessive regulation by the government is that the government itself could misuse the regulation to violate the privacy of citizens to erode freedom of expression to dilute the freedom of the press and stifle dissent and opposition. See if you look at the ongoing debate in the United States, on the need to regulate social media, you will come across multiple opinions, within the US.For example, the right-wing Republican party has always alleged that social media platforms are left-leaning, and they do not provide a fair chance for conservative and Orthodox views. Democrats, on the other hand, have alleged that social media platforms are being misused by hostile countries to threaten America's national security. This is basically a reference to the alleged Russian interference in the 2016 presidential elections where reportedly Russian intelligence agencies had missed social media platforms, to swing the presidential campaign in favor of Donald Trump. Democrats have also alleged that big tech companies have misused their dominant position in the market to resort to unfair trade and labor practices, then if you look at the global debate as well, you will come across multiple opinions, civil society activists, human rights activists, and some concerned citizens, they blame social media platforms for failing to prevent Islamophobia of their platforms and many governments around the world are concerned about Facebook's digital currency Libra, which could violate their sovereignty over their currency and their monetary policy. So even though there is no clear answer as to what extent, social media platforms need to be regulated, a solution has to be found through coordination and cooperation between governments, social media platforms, the big tech companies, and the civil society.

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