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Why, policing system biased against minority

The right to evaluate the role of the political leadership, the excesses that are committed by the police forces, and he analyzes how the political narrative that is prevalent in the society can promote the police to abuse their power. This column has been written in the context of the killing of African Americans, George Floyd by white police officers in the United States at the massive anti-racism protests that the incident has triggered in the United States and as well as around the world. See political scientists and sociologists have always studied the various biases that exist in the policing system. These studies have always shown that the bias that is prevalent in the policing system is a reflection of the bias that is present in the society, and as well as in the political narrative. This policing bias could be on the basis of any ground. It could be on the basis of race, It could be on the basis of religion. It could be on the basis of caste or class, etc. These biases vary from country to country from society to society. But studies have always shown that the bias of the policing system is always against the minorities. For example, in the United States in Europe. In Australia, New Zealand. The policing system is known to be biased against black minorities. Studies have shown that a disproportionate number of blacks are arrested or killed by white officers in these countries. Studies have also shown how suspects are treated differently depending on whether he is white or black in these countries, especially in the United States. If you look at the percentage of undertrials, the percentage of convicts, the percentage of people who have been served the death penalty of the majority of them happen to be from the black minority. In the case of India have similar bias exists in the policing system. But on the grounds of religion, caste and class. Various studies have shown that a large percentage of undertreated convicts happen to be from weaker sections and minority groups, such as Muslims, the poor population, tribal communities, etc. Studies have also conclusively proven that this does not mean that minorities are committing more crimes, as compared to the majority. This just means that the policing system is more biased against the minorities, and it tends to use disproportionate force by dealing with the other class of citizens. Whenever such incidents of police access or abuse of power by the police acquire the limelight protests do take place in India, and as well as in the other countries. In most cases, protesters will be calling for police reforms. In the case of the United States, that is with regard to the killing of George Floyd, there has been a demand to restructure the police organization itself. But what we fail to acknowledge, is the fact that the bias of the policing system is a reflection of the bias in the political narrative. So in case of such incidents. While we are trying to hold the police accountable. We are failing to hold the political class that is the political leaders accountable. Because these biases that are prevalent in our societies has been deliberately encouraged and sustained by the political class. In the case of India. Various commissions and committees have clearly recognized the excessive politicization of our police forces. This matter has been studied by various committees, including the National Police Commission.The second administrative reforms commission at this issue has been addressed by the  Supreme Court is the landmark Prakash Singh case. All these Commission's committees and these cases have examined how excessive politicization of our police forces can influence biases in the police force, and how they can promote inefficiency in the policing system. See in a democratic setup. It is true that the police force, should be placed under the direct command of the political executive, and the police force should be held accountable by the political executive. But this does not mean the system should create an opportunity for excessive political interference in the functioning of our police forces, especially in countries such as India. The excessive politicization of our police forces results in these biases is being instilled in our police forces as well. Ideally, a police force has to be neutral. As far as ideology values and political issues are concerned, but more often than not, police forces also get influenced by the biases prevalent in the political narrative. And this is the reason why makes an argument that whenever such police excessive are committed. And whenever there is an abuse of power by the police force, the political leadership should also be held accountable, and hence, what we need is wide-sweeping policy reforms that would allow the police force to maintain its autonomy and independence from the political executive, while still being placed under its direct command. The role of the political leadership needs to be studied at the political leadership needs to be held accountable. In order to effect change through policy reforms.


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