Water Stress In India Lead To Food Security

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Water Stress In India Lead To Food Security



According to the study states which have critically low groundwater resources account for nearly 41% of India's domestic production and trade. A study has shown that in these states which are critically low groundwater resources, nearly 39% of the groundwater table are being utilized for producing and trading cereals. The study has identified six states in India, which are critical and semi-critical groundwater resources, and these sixteenths states alone account for nearly 21% of India's cereal exports. The findings of the study highlight the significance of water conservation and the conservation of the groundwater table. In India, nearly 54% of the country is facing high to extremely high water stress, especially the arid semi-arid and the interior parts of India, such as Rajasthan parts of Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and the interior parts of Maharashtra Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh Telangana and even few parts of Tamilnadu and Odisha. They are already facing a severe water shortage. These are the area that is also witnessing complete overexploitation of the groundwater table. These states are facing severe water stress and groundwater resources in these states, which has been overexploited. Now, this is quite alarming. Because these states also account for the majority of India's cereal production and as you all know, cereals are the lifeline of India. Cereal production in India is mainly dominated by rice and wheat, and they are predominantly the source of energy for the average Indian. Most of our energy and nutritional requirements are met through some cereals, which are an integral part of the average Indian diet. But the production of these crops is highly water-intensive. Because cereals tend to consume a lot of water during its entire lifecycle. That covers production and trading. So the overexploitation of the groundwater table in the States, and the lack of water conservation is a direct threat to our food security, and as well as our economic security, especially the rural agrarian areas. The study essentially highlights the connections between cereal production water security and food security.

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