Challenges of Incoming Biden Administration



Challenges of Incoming Biden Administration

The inauguration of the new administration in the United States and its impact on the American society, and as well as on global geopolitics.

The contentious presidential elections of the United States. After a highly polarized election, former President Donald Trump leaves behind a notorious legacy of having divided the American Society into racial and religious lines, then by refusing to concede the elections, and by making unsubstantiated allegations of electoral fraud. He has not only weakened the American democracy but has also left behind a bad precedent for democracies around the world. While in power, Donald Trump was also seemed to be taking several controversial foreign policy decisions that have not only eroded the leadership role of the United States in global geopolitics but have also ended up having an impact on Indian interests. So following this volatile period in American politics. The new American administration under President Joe Biden has been sworn in on Inauguration Day, that is on the 20th of Jan. I know the very first day in office, President Biden has signed around 17, executive orders. To reverse several controversial decisions of the Trump administration, which might provide an opportunity for the deeply divided American society to heal and to restore America's leadership role in global geopolitics internally, the United States had been deeply polarized by the partisan politics that was pursued by Donald Trump, which is highlighted by the fact that he chose not to attend the inauguration ceremony, making him only the fourth US president to skip the inauguration ceremony which marks the peaceful transition of power.

Incoming President Joe Biden has made the right beginning and this was very evident from his speech itself because it displays the political intent of the new administration to heal the American society and unite the American people to make the country a stronger democracy. The fact that several republican politicians chose to attend the event highlights the urgency of both the Democrats and the Republicans to heal the American society that has been left deeply polarized.

It has been alleged that under the Trump administration minorities and immigrants felt threatened. The swearing-in of Kamala Harris as the vice president, who is of Indian and African descent sends out a strong symbolic gesture, and a message of support to the minority and immigrant communities in the United States, the healing process has already begun.
For example, President Trump had approved a controversial policy to ban immigrants from several Muslim majority nations that are in line with his conservative immigration policies. He had approved the construction of a border wall on the US-Mexico border, which in turn led to the alienation and targeting of several immigrant groups in the country. A few other controversial immigration policies have led to the deportation of several individuals, and even to the separation of children from their parents. Then under the Trump administration, noncitizens of the country had been excluded from the census. And even about control the covid 19 pandemics the Trump administration had appeared to be nonserious, and it had even failed to mandatorily enforce the wearing masks.
The biggest threat of Trump's policies was the polarization of the American Society on racial and religious lines. This had directly contributed to the rise in far-right extremism, including the revival of white supremacist groups, such as proud boys, and the rise of neo-nazi sympathizers and conspiracy theories, such as QANon.

The threat posed by far right-wing extremism in the US was clearly on display during the latest insurrection attempt at the US Capitol. And hence, the Biden administration will have to keep in mind this threat to American democracy. And we'll have to take the right steps to heal the American society to bridge these racial and religious divisions that have been created through polarization. t
Then even about foreign policy, Donald Trump was seen to be unpredictable conservative and inward-looking at this had led the Trump administration to unilaterally quit the Paris Agreement of the Climate Change Convention and even to exit the World Health Organization and cut funding to the WHO. Apart from this, Donald Trump had pulled out the US from several multilateral institutions, such as UNESCO, the UN Human Rights Council, and the US even quit the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and was seemed to be consistently taking a stand against the World Trade Organization, which was a reflection of Trump's lack of faith in multilateralism and was seen as an attempt to push unilateral trade deals, which was seen as a threat to international cooperation and multilateralism, which is the need of the art in a globalized world.

But the incoming Biden administration on the very first day in office has reversed. Several of these controversial decisions of the Trump administration. And this is going to have a significant impact on global geopolitics, and as well as on Indian interests. Joe Biden has signed an executive order to bring the US back into the Paris Agreement, and the US would be back under the deal on climate change, by the 19th of February.
This was a much-needed initiative to show that the United States was serious about climate action because currently, the Paris Agreement is the only international agreement that we have, which is collectively focused on tackling climate change and global warming.
The earlier Kyoto protocol of the climate change convention had been rejected by the United States as a result of the conflict between the developed countries and the developing countries that was seen at the climate change convention, under the Kyoto Protocol, the US had earlier refused to take a binding target and it had chosen to stay out of the agreement. But the Paris Agreement provided for a more balanced approach by seeking to balance the interests of the developed and the developing world and instead of finding targets for the countries, it provided for voluntary targets, which are also known as INSC, or the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions.
So the voluntary target approach of the Paris Agreement provides the best solution to the US, to deal with climate change and global warming and responsible powers like India are already well on their way to achieve their voluntary targets. Even several European countries and large emitters, such as China, have abided by the voluntary targets of the Paris Agreement, and hence, the world cannot afford a situation where one of the top emitters of the world, that is the US stays out of such an agreement, because the Paris Agreement also allows the developed countries to be held accountable for their historical emissions, the developed countries that are largely responsible for historical emissions are expected to announce larger voluntary targets as compared to developing countries like India and China.

So if we have to avoid the catastrophic consequences of climate change and global warming and reduce global temperatures by the end of the century, the top emitters, which are responsible for historical emissions, such as the US, have to be a part of these climate action efforts and hence the decision of the Biden administration to bring the US back under the Paris Agreement is a welcome and much-needed step. Then another controversial policy of the Trump administration was to first deny the reality of the pandemic and then blame the breakout on China and all the inefficiencies of the World Health Organization.
As the pandemic started to spread widely within the United States, the Trump administration refused to take any responsibility and pinned the blame on WHO and its failure. On this basis, Donald Trump ordered the withdrawal of the United States from WHI, and he even put an end to our funding of the WHO, which happens to be one of the topmost contributors. While the WHO has certain inefficiencies blaming the WHO entirely was uncalled for, and at a time when a global leader like the US was expected to display leadership and promote international cooperation through which the Trump administration chose to quit the WHO, and cut funding to the organization, thereby hampering global efforts to the WHO to contain the pandemic. Now President Biden has immediately dismantled. These policies of Trump and he has signed an executive order to bring the US back to the WHO.

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